Buckys on Parade

 

 

The definition of a badger is a hairy, gray, nocturnal carnivorous mammal of Europe, Asia,  and North America. It’s cousins are weasels, however, note that a badger is bigger and chunkier. The verb is to tease, nag, or bait; and the white spot on the badger’s head is distinctive. The badger is also the mascot of the University of Wisconsin  since before 1949. The live badger morphed into a character when a UW art student created a paper mache head of this animal. With others who dressed the part of a badger mascot, the paper mache head became symbolic for the spirit of the UW at games and academic competitions.

Graduate Bucky with mascot Bucky and student, top of Bascom Hill, University of Wisconsin
Leckrone’s Stop at the Top
Bucky come se Picasso

The unveiling of the Buckys around Madison, Wisconsin and Dane County took place May 7th, 2018. The Bucky Parade follows in the tradition of the cow parades in cities world-wide since the first cow parade took place in Zurich, Switzerland twenty years ago. The artistic director of Zurich Walter Knapp became inspired by a previous public display of lion statues. The lion is a symbol for the city of Zurich. Walter Knapp called this first cow parade “Land in Sicht”, translated “Countryside in View”.

 

The concept of cows on parade migrated to Chicago when a business man Peter Hanig coined the phrase “Cows on Parade” in 1999. The idea of using a parade of painted fiberglass animals for a philanthropic fundraising purpose caught on.  In Glendale, Ohio for example, large fiberglass black squirrels were also on parade, while many other cities did the same with frogs, pigs, and guitars!

 

For Madison, Wisconsin, the most recent and first cow parade here was twelve years ago. American Family Children’s Hospital and Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board sponsered the parade of 101 cows.  Best Western InnTowner and the Highland Club became the official “moootel” for visiting parade goers. This May, the Bucky parade comprises eighty four Buckys compared to the 101 cows of the cow parade twelve years ago. Sixty four artists spent 129 days(4.3 months) designing, painting, and finishing their Buckys with a protective coat of lacquer. This public event is free and started May 7th to continue through September 12th,2018.

 

The Madison Area Sports Commission , the Greater Madison Convention and Visitors Bureau and the Best Western Inn Towner are some of the sponsors of this event while Channel 15 Madison is the media sponsor. The proceeds of a later auction of thirty Buckys will go to Garding Against Cancer, a new intiative in 2017 of coaches Greg and Michelle for advanced research in the cure for cancer.

Visible Bucky, in front of UW Science Hall, artist:Philip Salamone
Visible Bucky, 6’6″ fiberglass painted with acrylic paint, coated with lacquer, back side painted by art assistant Sarah Cerg

                     

For more photos and updates on the Bucky Parade throughout the summer see: https://buckyonparade.

 

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Barak Obama’s Presidential Portrait

 

 

Paintings may actually serve a purpose. Inspiration: looking at a beautiful painting does ignite those creative and disciplined urges. A creative looking for a mentor may find one in a particular painting or in a painterly style. People who like similar painters or a period of art history may form a community such as artists who favor the classical style.  

Obama’s presidential  portrait by  Kehinde  Wiley could serve some of these purposes for looking at art. First of all, he puts the former President outdoors away from the Oval Office and the White House. In an almost icon-fashion way, the painted Obama engages the viewer directly.  The botanical, decorative background emerges behind Obama, at his sides, by his feet in front, and above climbing an invisible wall. The background of leaves and flowers emerges from behind to the foreground adding drama to the painting. Continue reading “Barak Obama’s Presidential Portrait”

Mt Paradise: Paul Detlefsen Art

 

 

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The Good Old Days

 

How is it that the work of a Hollywood backdrop artist can still intrigue the computer driven global citizen of our modern fast times? While discovering Detlesfen, I kept asking this question. Upon looking further and longer, his paintings gradually worked their magic.

 

Paul Detlefsen  was born in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1899, the son of a doctor. He lived for 87 year , a commercial artist educated at the Art Institute of Chicago and was a grandfather of two grandchildren. To start his career, he moved to Hollywood where he hoped to become a cartoonist. This fell through for him so he began painting backdrops for Hollywood films. For 20 years he worked for Warner Brothers Studios.

At the height of his time at  Warner Brothers, he advanced to the head of the  art department. Detlefsen created the background scenery of the film sets, referred to as matte  paintings. In 1944, the filmThe Adventures of Mark Twain” won an award at the 17th Academy Awards for special effects created by him and his colleagues. Other films of the 40’s that Detlefsen  worked on were The Horn Blows as Midnight, Escape in the Desert, and Shadow of a Woman.

Even though Detlefsen was a realist painter, he did not paint from real life. His vast and catalogued file collection of 15,000 slides were his main source for imagery as well as his imagination. He could conjure up scenes from memory of his childhood spent in Illinois.

At Warner Brothers, Detlefsen  integrated his realistic landscape paintings with the physical movie sets to create the “matte shot”.  Rhapsody in Blue and The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam were more films he took on. In Hollywood, stars like Walt Disney and Bette Davis worked and socialized with him.

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Coming Around the Bend

By the 1950’s, a shift occurred in his career. He began to lithograph his art images on to calendars, playing cards, jigsaw puzzles, and placemats. His first calendar “The Good Old Days” was published in 1951 and was very successful. “The Good OLd Days” and Norman Rockwell’s “The Boy Scout” calendar led the competition in  calendars . Though to “keep up with the changing modern times”, as Detlefsen said, he printed off calendars with mini-skirted go-go dancers.

The appeal of Detlefsen  art seems to be how he purposefully represents nostalgia  for the past but with restraint. His paintings compare iconic views of rustic, agrarian life with its barns, bridges, streams, trains, and always a small adventurous boy or girl placed interestingly in the landscape. It’s nostalgia without excess or regret and for some the best of a good joke!

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Horse and Buggy Days

More about Detlesfen:

  1. Calendars, prints, and paintings can be found on Etsy.com, E-bay.com, and Flicker.com
  2. http://www.Jigidi.com,
  3. “Matte Shot” , Nzpetesmatteshot.blogspot.com
  4. photo credits for Paul Detlefsen paintings in this post: Americangallery21st.wordpress.com 

At the Easel , January 2018

 

These are recent  paintings and a drawing completed in January, 2018 

Sequoia, German Shepard, oil on board, 14in.x14in.

 

Sherry and Emily, oil on paper, 21.5in.x19in.

 

 

Sweet Water Basket,  graphite on paper, 17in.x14in.

 

2017 Endings and Happy New Year 2018

photo of Science March, Madison, Wisconsin, 2017

As well as more paintings completed, several events have made 2017 at least significant if not very, very good. The “Faces of Incarceration” exhibit at the Playhouse Gallery of the Overture Center of the Arts in Madison, Wisconsin in July was a highlight undoubtedly.

Beth Inglis_Adrian_graphite_15inx18in_jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The show at Badger Prairie Health was a success and had more art entries than in previous years.

 

Badger Prairie Health class: collage of a lamp

 

C.Kung recently retired Vilas Professor of Genetics and Molecular Biology of the University of Wisconsin-Madison,  paints in oils with a Chinese aesthetic. Landscapes, portraits, and still life paintings can be seen on his website: http://www.ching-kung-art.weebly.com

 

       Drawing and original photo of Sequoia, German Shepard

German Shepard Coloring

This working dog is known for it devotion to its owner and a popular guard or service breed because of its fearless disposition. They love to be mentally and physically challenged whether it is as a herder, a watchdog, an exercise partner, or police dog. Bi-color, black, black and cream, black and red, black and silver, black and tan, blue, gray, liver, sable, and white are the colors you will see on these dogs.   (from Celebrating Dogs and All Their Colors)

Here is the  link: Celebrating Dogs and All Their Colors:   http://munsell.com/color-blog/dog-coloring-colors/

 

 

 

 

 

Avant Garde Artists: Pussy Riot

 

“The work of art is a scream of freedom”    Christo

 

For a podcast go to:

https://www.theguardian.com/books/audio/2017/oct/10/maria-alyokhina-and-omar-el-akkad-books-podcast

 

Words have so many nuances and meanings. Pussy Riot, the feminist punk protest group, comprises pussy and riot. Both words incite responses that may lean toward insult and violence or the love and respectful interpretations current in the feminist movement. The Pussy Riot, though, is from Russia  and doing brave protest against Putin, whom they know and experience as a dictator. Maria Alyokhina, a member of Pussy Riot, joined the Solidarity SingAlong in singing labor and protest songs on the lawn of the capitol of Wisconsin in November 2016. A video of thanks to Pussy Riot for their support of The Singers during the capitol police crackdown shows how seriously this group takes the freedoms of democracy even to threats in the United States.

With eleven women of the ages 20-33, this Russian Punk protest group began August 11, 2011. Their purpose is to produce “unauthorized provocative guerrilla theater in unusual public places. What they uphold as dear is feminism, LGBT rights, and oppositions to Russian president Vladimir Putin. Their actions speak to the absurd side of the theater and are very provocative. Using videos to post on the Internet is their powerful means to worldwide communication.  “Punk Prayer” is short-hand for a video of their action in March 2012 at Moscow’s Cathedral of Christ The Savior. “Mother of God, Put Putin Away” is the name of this video where three members of Pussy Riot: Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, Maria Alyokhina, and Yekaterina Samutsevich charged in front of the Orthodox altar dancing as they sang “Punk Prayer”.

Lyrics of Punk Prayer: from  http://www.The Guardian.com

 Become a feminist, become a feminist! Become a feminist                                            The Church praises rotten leaders feminist,                                                                  The march of the cross consists of black    The march of the cross consists of black  limousines   

Black frock, golden epaulets, Parishioners crawl bowing.  The Virgin’s belt won’t replace political gatherings  Freedom’s ghost (to) heaven A gay-parade sent to Siberia in shackles.*****

We pray thee Become a feminist  A preacher is on his way to your school  We pray thee  Go to class and give him money  Patriarch Gundyay(Kirill) believes in Putin Virgin birth-giver of God, drive away Putin.  Would be better, the bastard, if he believed in God. Drive away Putin, drive away Putin!

Continue reading “Avant Garde Artists: Pussy Riot”

Russian Painting 1930-1980

Lilacs, by Vladimir Krantz , oil on board, 1968. courtesy of McCarthey Gallery,

 

Russian Impressionist masters were unknown to the West for a long time due to the Soviet block . Their time frame of 1930-1980 is becoming more in focus due to U.S. galleries  and Japanese collectors.  A US gallery:Thomas Kearns McCarthey Gallery is  located in two places: Park City, Utah and St.Petersburg, Russia.  McCarthey gallery collects dacha art: the great Russian Impressionist masters.

When looking at the paintings “The April”, “The Lilacs”, and “After Rain”, by artist Vladimir P. Krantz(1913-2003) , one is impressed by the soft brush strokes and lyrical interpretation of the landscape.  Krantz’s work was not recognized until a Japanese collector began acquiring  his pieces. Krantz,  from a small town near St.Petersburg, joined the Russian Artist’s Union in 1973 and since then became a full-time painter. Krantz stressed that nature was his best teacher. His realist style and alla prima  painting resulted in an art of lightness, color, and shade brought  together in a unity which never descended into the roughness which nature and all its forms may include. https://goo.gl/images/gvd6Hv

Unlike American artists after World War II , Russian Impressionists continued to express the aspirations of Russian society. A Soviet phrase of that time expresses some optimism:

               “Acceptance will come, because it is historically inevitable”

The heritage of Russian creativity is immense from Tolstoy to the Bolshoi Ballet. The period of Russian Impressionism 1930-1980  added  positively  to their tradition of art. Impressionist artists desired to express the lives, hopes, joys, and other emotions of the common folk in Russia. Keeping a strong preference for painting the land and people of Mother Russia, these painters  did not adapt to Western art.  Impressionism in Russia comprised three stylistic parts. The first was classical art dating to before 1950 . Most art originated from the Soviet academy and the approach to art was low-key and nothing too disruptive or shocking. There was not  much of an inventory of paintings from this period.

6619- SOLD

“Fruit on a Platter” by Engels Vasilyevich Kozlov, oil on board, 1999, courtesy of McCarthey Gallery

The next phase was the impressionism of the working class. Art had a positive edge which was accessible to the masses. Subject matter included farms, landscapes, industry, portraits expressive of sensitive emotions, and interior still life paintings. This working class art peaked in 1950’s to the 1960’s. The third  period was the  rough and severe style .  These paintings began to employ a modernist approach while still making a socialist statement.

Intellectually what characterizes the art of 20th century Russian impressionism?   Freedom of expression, vibrancy, spontaneity, and honoring  “the  soul” of Russia’s people.  Painting plein air and alla prima, using a light palette, full and heavy brushstrokes and bold colors are strategies used by  these artists to achieve the goal of glorifying Russia and its unadorned everyday life with the resilience of its people. A comparison to the French Impressionist artists like Francois Millet, Gustave Courbet, or Edouard Manet may be close in similar style and intent.

 In  Russia these  impressionist artists,  especially those living, are treated like Hollywood stars.  At the  Surikov Art Institute in Moscow, works by Yuri Kugach, one of the oldest living  masters , has paintings gracing the Institute’s walls.  Kugach  is  a family of artists across generations similar to the Wyeths in the eastern US. Yuri Kugach maintains a studio or dacha” in the middle of an apple orchard. He paints there on location everyday. Now collectors worldwide are saying that Russian art is “hot “ because the galleries have discovered “realism”. From Andrei Rublev and orthodox iconography to avant-garde painters  K.Malevich and W.Kandinsky, much study, training, and work has occupied these “realist” artists who are becoming known in their own right.

Sources:

  1. http://www.mccarthygallery.net/index.php
  2. http://www.amazon.com/Valentin-Serovcollection
  3. http;//www.en.wikipedia.org
  4. http://www.dachaart.com

Green…Viridian…Veridis…Galbinus…Yereq

 

Saint Catherine of Alexandria in her Study, from Belles Heures of Jean, the Cloisters Collection, 1954
When Nero, emperor of Rome during the first century, got tired of looking at the gory, bloody gladiator fights, he would avert his eyes to his jewelry and stare at the green in the emeralds. Romans were fans of green naming the word: veridis. In the chariot races, the Blues represented the stables of the senatorial patricians while the Greens were the stables of “the people”.
 
For the Hellenistic Greeks, green as becoming a color in its own right was more complicated. The ancient Greeks had names for the colors: white (leukos), black (melanos), and red (erthros) but not for green. The reason being that they thought colors of nature did not need to be signaled out and given a name. Secondly, a true color is a manufactured color. To mix a color like blue and yellow to create green is bad kharma. Otherwise , in the words of First century AD Plutarch:
 
       “mixing produces conflict, blending pigments is deflowering…”
                                                                   Bright Earth, Philip Ball, page 19
 
Although, these ancient Greek artists were not opposed to glazing translucent colors over opaque ones to make a variety of tones, it was 
acceptable to mix black or white into another color. This practice of “glazing” continued into the Renaissance. Greens were created by glazing yellow over blue. One of the early pigments was from the organic compound malachite. Later in time, malachite green was replaced by a very poisonous emerald. Poisonous greens have an infamous history. Legend says that Napoleon Bonaparte died while in exile from being poisoned by the arsenic fumes of the painted green walls. Eventually, in 1859, a safer green was manufactured called “veridian”, a hydrated chromic oxide. Veridian  was adored by the Impressionists especially Cezanne.
 
Before 1000 AD , the color green must work for its acceptance and status as a single, honest color. To explore this, it helps to understand the sense of morality given to colors in the Middle Ages. For the most part, green was considered to be bad and dishonest by Catholic  saints, Roman  officials , and later by Protestant reformers.  First of all, although green was used abundantly in the illuminated manuscripts of the Middle Ages, there was very little mention  of colors in the Bible and particularly green. Colors were identified with matter.  Like gold is a color and the shiny metal gold. The Hebrews had a word for green: “yereq”.  But for the Church fathers, green signified vegetation!
 
In the 13th century , Pope Innocent III codified the colors used in the Catholic liturgical mass. In this treatise on the mass, Pope Innocent III

included green as a liturgical color. No longer was green considered bad but became symbolically to mean the color of hope, life, abundance as in the green fields and forests of nature. Prior to this liturgical ordering, green meant sickness as when the human body turns green with disease. The “people”      accepted this new status for green, ranking green higher than yellow, blue, or purple. For that matter, blue was even rarer than green to be found in the Bible if at all.

 

Joan of Arc, Jules Bastien-Lepage,  1879, oil on canvas, The MetFifth Ave, Gallery 800

When the Germans  in the 5th century, introduced and tested new dying methods for making clothes, the industry brought new colors to the people. Clothing on one side was a monochrome color of either white, red, or yellow ; and on the other side , there were vivid combinations of blue, green, and yellow. The Romans tended toward yellow-green, which in  Latin is galbinus“. Since the Germans knew the superior cloth dying techniques, their sense of color  pervaded. Charlemagne wore green and red signifying his political power.  The Vikings wore green tunics, as the Germanic green was equivalent to the Scandinavian green worn by these pirates. These northern European dyers found their greens from the natural order. Ferns, plantains, oak leaves and even birch bark were used for green dye. However the green dye was very unstable and not very vivid.  This instability led to green’s tarnished reputation as a color.

 
Like the Bible, green was rarely mentioned in the Q’uran if at all.
Muhammed though favored green especially in fabrics. Upon his 
death in 632 AD, green became the color of his family.  This status was only a political one, not a sacred one. Various dynasties had their  own symbolic color like the Abbasids’ color was black; the Almoravids were white; and Almohads were red. During the crusades, the Christians wore red and white, while Islam adopted green as a unifying color, This green became  symbolic for paradise, happiness, water, sky, and hope.
  
By the 1000’s and 1200’s, green was very popular. The color was valued as a middle color with a soothing effect. Green emeralds were pulverized to make an eye balm. Competition between blue and green
furthered cemented the use and significance of green. Although not very evident in the heraldry of the European Middle Ages, green was symbolic of youthfulness, love and chivalry. The “orchard motif” popularized during this Romanesque period employed green generously. The orchard was the place for courtly romances, usually including an enclosed garden space with a gate. The orchard was thought of as a place of rest, harmony, and relaxation: a place full of trees, vineyard,meadow flowers, magical and mythical beasts like unicorns and phoenixes and what better color to use to paint or embroider this paradise than green!
 
resources:
  •    Green, the History of Color, Michel Pastoureau ,Princeton University Press,2014
  •     Bright Earth, Art  and the Invention of Color,Philip Ball, The University of Chicago Press,2001
  • The Artist’s Magazine, June 2017,Vol.34 #5, “Brushing Up” by Michael C.Johnson, article: Going Green

Review of “Faces of Incarceration” Exhibit

   

 This past week, an exhibit “Faces of Incarceration” was taken down from the walls of the Playhouse Gallery of the Overture Center of the Arts in Madison, Wisconsin. The creators of this moving exhibit are Pat Dillon, a writer, and Phillip Salamone, studio owner of Atwood Atelier at Winnebago studios, also of Madison. When Pat Dillon discovered a “loved one” who was father to her grandson and  incarcerated, she felt moved to raise awareness about several issues of incarceration in Madison and the state of Wisconsin. One issue is the rising number of African American boys and men becoming incarcerated and the other is about the difficulties reintegration after release involves.

Phillip Salamone, an oil painter in the classical tradition, put up several of his portraits of incarcerated men along with those of participating artists in a Winnebago Studio show several years ago. The response was overwhelming and very encouraging. So for the past year, Phillip has invited former inmates to his studio to model sitting for three to four hours per session while artists applied themselves to the artistry and craft of painting a realistic portrait. Working in oil, drawing media,and watercolor, we artists learned the stories, listened to poems and became acquainted with these models who previously were only known as a statistic.

Concurrent with the Faces show at the Overture Center during July and August, two movies were shown about Incarceration. 13th”, an oscar-nominated movie, is about how oppressors get around the 13th Amendment which outlaws slavery in the U.S. By putting more people and especially Blacks in jail and labeling them criminals, there becomes a loop-hole of using “criminality” as way to perpetuate slavery. The second movie shown in August was “Milwaukee 53206”, a documentary about America’s most incarcerated zip code: 53206, which is in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. A sell out crowd then stayed for a following discussion of the movie.  Also, after the opening of the Faces of Incarceration show, a panel of the models stayed and discussed issues around the topic. As each model spoke, it was emphasized that the passion for reform should come from themselves, the men and women who have been sentenced to
prison.

painting by Lori Raife

Prisons are  systems that are run by men and male dominated . Sensitive issues for women like a woman’s menstruation are ignored and the health needs of women are not met adequately. A third issue concerns awareness of how there is a growing pipeline of African American boys going directly from high school to prison. Providing safe homes for children, especially boys, is part of the answer as mentioned in this panel discussion.

Not to exclude in anyway, another exhibit “Captured” was shown in Gallery ll of the Overture also in 2017. “Captured” is a photo essay focusing on the incarcerated youth of the Dane County Juvenile Center, which is nearby the Overture Center in Madison. Amber Sowards, photographer, is a member of GSAFE team, a Wisconsin nonprofit working with LGBTQ and youth. Her photos may be seen on the website: www.ambersowards.com.

text by Pat Dillon and book with poetry by Rudy Bankston

Statistics are only numbers until the public can hear the narratives and see the faces of the men, women, and children who are incarcerated. For example, Rudy was imprisoned for 20 years before being proven innocent of the crime he allegedly committed. He is one of many who leave the prison system and struggle to reintegrate themselves into their communities and neighborhoods. Rudy had several portraits painted of him. A document written by Pat Dillon next to one of these portraits featured Rudy Bankston’s  book of  poetry Snippets of Soul in 17 Syllables. In these poems, he expresses  “the brokenness”  of the self he experienced in prison. Writing became a means of expression while living in the very rigid system of the prison. Rudy explains that the 17 syllables refer to haiku which is composed of 17 syllables. His poetry reaches that kind of brevity. “Strapped for Life”,  a pen and ink with watercolor wash by Louise L. Uttech shows an ankle strap which had to be worn after the inmate was released from prison. The ankle strap was not part of a jury or judge’s conviction but a disciplinary measure inflicted by prison officials. Yet the strap is to be worn after his release without any judge or jury making that decision. Lastly, to meet someone like Jerome, who has worked to become the statewide leader of EXPO, the Ex Prisoners Organizing, is amazing. Jerome is involved with a grassroots network of leaders and faithful people in the task of reforming the system of Incarceration in Wisconsin. The paint brushes, canvases, and paint tubes were certainly worth it to be honored to paint these amazing portraits!

 

Venice Biennale 2017

 

 

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The first Art Biennale opened 124 years ago in Venice. In order to celebrate the silver anniversary of King Umberto and Margherita of Savoy, the Venice city council proposed a resolution to produce a national art exhibition every two years. The seed of this vision was sown by Selvatico, mayor of Venice in the 1890’s. His sense was that the evening gatherings of artists at the Cafe Florian evolve into a successful and competitive international show.The exhibition was by invitations only to Italian and major foreign artists. Those Italian artists who received no invitations could still take part if they limited pieces to two each. One was used by the press and the second piece was for publicity purposes. The first Art Biennale, named International Art Exhibition of Venice, took place in a pavilion constructed in the public gardens in Castello on April 30, 1895. The name changed in later years to describe more accurately its 2-year cycle. Within the Castello Gardens that house all the national pavilions of the Venice Biennale, the US Pavilion enjoys a prominent position.

For the first Biennale, a major prize went to Giovanni Segantini‘s “Return to Native Village”. Segantini was an Italian painter deserted by his mother and father, who eventually got off the streets and into a school which encouraged his art abilities. He became the painter of the Alps of which nature inspired his vision. The first major prize was a tie. The other painter was Francesco Paolo with his painting  “Jorio’s Daughter”. But literally at the end of the day, the jury gave another prize to Giacomo Ghasso’s “Supreme Meeting”. A popular referendum defeated the jury on this one. It’s not surprising that another kind of prize the “Critic’s Prize” was created to improve the next biennale’s awards.

In the early history of this international exhibit, the Germans and Italians were the countries dominating this event. For the 3rd Biennale, the Italian artists Michetti and Sartorio established the practice of showing art in private rooms. By 1901 at the 4th Biennale, France was invited to exhibit French landscape paintings. France also sent 20 sculptures by Rodin. By the 5th in 1903, decorative art and furnishings were included. At the turn of the 20th century, French Impressionist artists were recognized by Europe but not so readily by the Biennale jury. In heated fashion, a protest about the jury’s elimination of 823 pieces of art of 963 resulted in creating the Salon des Refuses.

At the 7th Biennale, Sargent won a medal and American artists came on the scene. The Ballet Russes was represented by Repin of Russia who made costumes and set design. After 1930 when the new president of the Biennale, Volpi, was chosen, a concerted effort was made to promote regional Italian artists at the Biennale but also in other countries. New York city reciprocated by holding a major Italian exhibit in 1932. By the beginning of World WI,7 international pavilions had been built. Today, the Giardini area in Venice hosts 29 pavilions.

“If the Venice Biennale is the Olympics of the art world than the national pavilions are the stadiums where countries unleash the best talent they have to offer.”https://news.artnet.com/art-world-five-must-see-national-pavilions-at-the-venice-biennale-955787

Infamous figures in history and great masters of art became represented at the Biennale although not without controversy. Picasso’s works were not allowed at the show until 1948 because his “innovative artistic language”  was too provocative. Hitler rebuilt the German pavilion according to the designs of Ernst Haiger, whom he personally chose. Ordinarily, the pavilions were owned by the Venice city council.

For this year, Mark Bradford, an artist from Los Angeles, was invited to exhibit his work in the American pavilion. Bradford earned a BFA and MFA from California Institute of Arts inValencia, Ca. The key to Bradford’s long-awaited Biennale exhibition is a poem written by the artist, which is set in stone on the exterior of the neoclassical US pavilion in the Giardini. By creating large-scale abstract painting he conceptualizes about the structure of urban US society. Bradford received the MacArthur Foundation “Genius” Award in 2009. His canvases are covered in collage materials and a survey of his works was shown at the Wexner Center for the Arts in Columbus, Ohio.

For the Venice Biennale, Bradford’s show “Tomorrow is Another Day” expresses a commitment to the social nature of the material world. By material, he incorporated examples of a hair salon, Home Depot, and the streets of Los Angeles. He cares about marginalized people, both their vulnerability and resilience. He understands that America is threatened or at least its so-called social promise has not been fulfilled and thus undermines the American character. “Tomorrow is Another Day” will be also exhibited at the Baltimore Museum of Art, Sept.2018-Jan.2019.

To appreciate the Venice Biennale is to show its growing outreach to the international world.This growth does not always go smoothly as the Biennale’s history has revealed. Kenya has recently been invited to the Biennales but in 2017, the Kenyan government failed to support its artists with needed funds to travel and set up the show. Kenya’s curator Jimmy Ogonda worked quickly to find and fund a venue for the Kenyan artists. Individual artists were on their own to get to Venice, however. On the island of Giudecca, Ongaonga found an abandoned school which the  Kenyan artists could use. Fortunately for them, a supporter of Kenya’s artist-in-residence program bought airline tickets for the art crew and a coffee company Hausbrandt found housing. Arlene Wandera, one of Kenya’s artists, installed a ladder with balanced tiny figures made from wire to inhabit the space on the 3rd floor of the unused school. Paintings and video from Kenyan artists are also on display.

Kenyan artist with display of ladder and small figures

With the 57th edition of the Venice Art Biennale now open to the public, managing editor Olivia Mull selects some of the best designed exhibitions, spatial installations, and pavilion takeovers.The Biennale opened May 13th and closes November 27, 2017. Wheelchair accessible, small animals allowed and free stroller rentals are available. Guided tours are given in several languages.

Sources

  1. www.labiennale.org/en/art/exhibition
  2. www.artnews.com/2011
  3. www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2017/May/09/phyllida-barlow-review-venice-biennale-british-pavilion-scupture
  4. www.labiennale.org/en/Home.html